Baidyanath Nagri, Deoghar is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas and one of the 51 Shaktipeeths, and is famous for the fair of Shravan, the fourth month according to the Hindu calendar system. It is one of the few places in India where Jyotirlinga and Shaktipeeth are situated next to each other.
Baidyanath Nagri, Deoghar is the large revered place of worship. The importance of Deoghar is that there are lakhs of devotees come to Baba Baidyanath Temple for holy darshan.
Also read about: Kanwar Yatra Deoghar
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Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar
Baidyanath Nagari, Deoghar also known as Baba Baidyanath Dham is considered one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. It is an extremely auspicious pilgrimage center among Hindus and attracts devotees from across the country every year. Baidyanath Nagari, also known as Deoghar (abode of the gods) or Baba Dham, Deoghar is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas and one of the 51 Shaktipeeths, and is famous for the fair of Shravan, the fourth month according to the Hindu calendar system. It is, along with Srisailam, one of the few places in India where Jyotirlinga and Shaktipeeth are together, lying next to each other. Here Sati’s heart had fallen. It is also a very holy place for the devotees. First the pilgrims worship Baba Baidyanath, then worship Maa Parvati.
- Location: Baidyanath Nagri is located in Deoghar district of Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand. Deoghar is a Hindi word which literally means ‘home of the gods’ where ‘dev’ means ‘god’ and ‘ghar’ means ‘home’. Located at a distance of 248 km from the capital Ranchi and 325 km from the nearest metro city Kolkata in West Bengal, Baidyanath Jyotirling is an important religious tourist destination in Jharkhand.
- Famous: The place has a remarkable history attached to it and hence finds mention in many ancient texts as well as in the modern saga. Apart from being one of the 12 Jyotirlingas, it is considered to be one of the sacred 54 Shaktipeeths in Hindu mythology.
- Jyotirlinga: A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirlingam is a spiritual representation of Lord Shiva and it is believed that a Jyotirlinga is installed at every place where Lord Shiva made his presence on earth. Each of the 12 Jyotirlingas symbolizes a different manifestation of Lord Shiva.
History of Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar
The history of the establishment of this linga is that once the demon king Ravana went to the Himalayas and did severe penance for the happiness of Shiva and started cutting his heads and offering them on the Shivling. After offering nine heads one by one, the tenth head was also about to be cut off when Shiva appeared pleased. They beheaded his ten heads and asked him to ask for a boon. Ravana went to Lanka and asked for permission to take him to establish that linga. Shiva gave the permission, but gave it with the warning that if he puts it on the earth on the way, then he will become immovable there. Eventually that happened. Ravana walked with Shivling, but when he came to a funeral pyre on the way, he needed a brief retirement. Ravana handed over that linga to an Ahir whose name was Baijnath Bhil, and went to retire. Here those Ahir Bhils felt the Jyotirlinga very heavy and placed them on the ground. What was it then, on his return, Ravana could not uproot it even after applying full power and in despair, he went to Lanka after sticking his thumb on the idol. Here Brahma, Vishnu etc. Gods came and worshiped that Shivling. As soon as Shiva appeared, all the deities replaced the Shivling at the same place and went back to heaven, praising Shiva. According to popular belief and folk belief, this Baidyanath Jyotirlinga is going to give desired results.
Baba Baidyanath Temple
Baidyanath Nagari, Deoghar, also known as “Baidyanath Dham” and “Baba Dham”, is located in the state of Jharkhand, India. “The place got its name Deoghar because of the location of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, where Baba Baidyanath Shiva in the form of Jyotirlinga, and Shakti Swarupini Mata Parvati, in the Shakti Peeth, resides in the middle of the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple, commonly called Baidyanath Dham. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas in India and is considered to be the holiest abode of Lord Shiva. Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple is also a Shakti Peeth, where the heart of Mother Sati fell, due to which it is also known as Hriday Peeth. It is said that all the wishes of those who come here are fulfilled. That is why this linga is also called “Kamna Linga”.
- Shakti Peeth: Baidyanath Dham is the only place in India which is both a Jyotirlinga and a Shakti Peeth. It is believed that the heart of Sati fell at Baidyanath Dham when Lord Vishnu used Sudarshan Chakra to cut the corpse of Sati to prevent the destruction of Shiva. The temple of Lord Parvati is situated next to the main shrine of Lord Shiva, which is tied with red thread to show the unity between them.
- Baba Baidyanath Temple Structure: The Baba Baidyanath temple is divided into three parts, the entrance, the central part and the main temple. The 72 feet high temple faces east and looks like a lotus. At the top of the temple are three gold vessels that were donated by Raja Puran Singh, the Maharaja of Gidhaur. Apart from the vessels there is a ‘Panchasula’, which is five knives in the shape of a trident, and an eight-petaled lotus gem, known as the Chandrakanta Mani.
- Baidyanath Dham Shivling: The Shivalingam is about 5 inches in diameter, 4 inches in height, and is broken at the top. Apart from the main Shiva temple in the temple complex, there are a total of 21 temples, which are dedicated to Maa Parvati, Maa Kali, Maa Jagat Janani, Kaal Bhairav and Lakshnarayan.
- Who and how built the Baidyanath Temple: It is believed that the Baidyanath temple was built by the divine architect Lord Vishwakarma. Parts of the front of the temple are said to have been built in 1596 by Puran Mal, the ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddaur. However, the name of the builder of the temple is not known.
- Baidyanath Temple Timings: The temple door opens at 4:00 in the morning and remains open till 3:30. After which the doors are closed. The gates are opened again for the devotees at 6:00 pm and are closed at 9:00 pm. However, during any special occasion, the temple remains open even after the closing hours.
- Nearest Railway Station to Baidyanath Temple: Jasidih Junction (Station Code: JSME) is the nearest railway station to Baidyanath Dham located at a distance of 8 KM.
- Nearest Airport to Baidyanath Temple: The nearest airport to Baba Baidyanath Dham is Deoghar Airport which is situated at a distance of 5 kms. The nearest airport to Baba Baidyanath Dham is Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi which is situated at a distance of 253 kms. Nearest International Airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra International Airport, Kolkata which is located at a distance of 324 KM.
- How to reach Baidyanath Temple by train: Board a train to Jasidih Junction (Station Code: JSME), the nearest railway junction to Baidyanath Temple is Jasidih.
Rules for Pilgrims: There are many rules for pilgrims in the month of Shravan. All the pilgrims coming in the month of Shravan must follow certain rules.
- Accuracy of speech and thought
- Alcohol and smoking should be avoided.
- Avoid using oils, soaps, shoes and leather items.
- Avoid planting Kanwar on the ground.
|Note : Intoxicants, meat, alcohol and vengeful food are prohibited during the pilgrimage in the month of Shravan. Apart from this, all the devotees wearing kanwar should not touch the kanwar without taking bath during the kanwar yatra and Shravani Mela.|
Precautions for Pilgrims in Deoghar:
- Always beware of pickpockets.
- Do not wear or keep any kind of precious jewelery (gold or diamond etc.) during the journey or in the temple premises.
- Do not believe the rumours at all. Find out the right information.
- In case of theft or conflict, contact the nearest policy station.
- Don’t crowd unnecessarily.
- Maintain a queue while entering the temple hall
- Follow all the instructions given by the officials.
- Stay safe from a stampede by keeping yourself calm.
- Always Carefull
Importance of Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar
Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas and one of the 51 Shaktipeeths. It is one of the few places in India where Jyotirlinga and Shaktipeeth are situated next to each other.
The importance of Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar increases in the month of Shravan. During this, lakhs of devotees come to Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar for holy darshan. It is the longest religious fair in the world.
Also read about: Shakti Peeth
FAQs on Shravani Mela Deoghar
Q1. When will Shravani Mela Deoghar start in every Year ?
Ans : Shravani Mela in Deoghar will start with the beginning of “Saavan” on July-August every year. Lakhs of devotees are expected to have darshan.
Q2. What is the distance from Jasidih Rilway Station to Baba Baidyanath Dham?
Ans : The distance from Jasidih Railway Station to Baba Baidyanath Dham Deoghar is about 8 KM.
Q3. How many days Baba Baidyanath Dham Holy Journey is completed?
Ans :Baba Baidyanath Dham holy Journey complete between 2 to 3 days.